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ABED-NEGO:

a-bed'-ne-go (Hebrew and Aramaic `abhedh neghgo; Da 3:29, `abhedh negho'): According to many, the nego is an intentional corruption of Nebo, the name of a Babylonian god, arising from the desire of the Hebrew scribes to avoid the giving of a heathen name to a hero of their faith. The name, according to this view, would mean "servant of Nebo." Inasmuch as `abhedh is a translation of the Babylonian `arad, it seems ore probable that nego also must be a translation of some Babylonian word. The goddess Ishtar is by the Babylonians called "the morning star" and "the perfect light" (nigittu gitmaltu). The morning star is called by the Arameans nogah, "the shining one," a word derived from the root negah, the equivalent of the Babylonian nagu, "to shine." Abed-nego, according to this interpretation, would be the translation of Arad-Ishtar, a not uncommon name among the Assyrians and Babylonians. Canon Johns gives this as the name of more than thirty Assyrians, who are mentioned on the tablets cited by him in Vol. III of his great work entitled Assyrian Deeds and Documents. It means "servant of Ishtar."

Abed-nego was one of the three companions of Daniel, and was the name imposed upon the Hebrew Azariah by Nebuchadnezzar (Da 1:7). Having refused, along with his friends, to eat the provisions of the king's table, he was fed and flourished upon pulse and water. Having successfully passed his examinations and escaped the death with which the wise men of Babylon were threatened, he was appointed at the request of Daniel along with his companions over the affairs of the province of Babylon (Da 2). Having refused to bow down to the image which Nebuehadnezzar had set up, he was cast into the burning fiery furnace, and after his triumphant delivery he was caused by the king to prosper in the province of Babylon (Da 3). The three friends are referred to by name in 1 Macc 2:59, and by implication in He 11:33,34.

R. Dick Wilson

 

List of Articles
번호 분류 제목
117 A A
116 A AALAR
115 A Aaron
114 A AARON'S ROD
113 A AARONITES
112 A AB
111 A AB (2)
110 A ABACUC
109 A ABADDON
108 A ABADIAS
107 A ABAGARUS
106 A ABAGTHA
105 A ABANAH
104 A ABARIM
103 A ABASE
102 A ABATE
101 A ABBA
100 A ABDA
99 A ABDEEL
98 A ABDI
97 A ABDIAS
96 A ABDIEL
95 A ABDON (1)
94 A ABDON (2)
» A ABED-NEGO
92 A ABEL (1)
91 A ABEL (2)
90 A ABEL-BETH-MAACAH
89 A ABEL-CHERAMIM
88 A ABEL-MAIM
87 A ABEL-MEHOLAH
86 A ABEL-MIZRAIM
85 A ABEL-SHITTIM
84 A ABEZ
83 A ABGAR; ABGARUS; ABAGARUS
82 A ABHOR
81 A ABI (1)
80 A ABI (2)
79 A ABI-ALBON
78 A ABIA; ABIAH
77 A ABIASAPH
76 A ABIATHAR
75 A ABIB
74 A ABIDA
73 A ABIDAH
72 A ABIDAN
71 A ABIDE
70 A ABIEL
69 A ABIEZER
68 A ABIEZRITE
67 A ABIGAIL; ABIGAL
66 A ABIHAIL
65 A ABIHU
64 A ABIHUD
63 A ABIJAH
62 A ABIJAM
61 A ABILA
60 A ABILENE
59 A ABILITY
58 A ABIMAEL
57 A ABIMELECH
56 A ABINADAB
55 A ABINOAM
54 A ABIRAM
53 A ABIRON
52 A ABISEI
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